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al-Dimashqī on Tammuz (1)

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03 Religious festivals, cults, rituals and practices

12 Assyrian Identity

02 Religious and ideological symbols and iconographic motifs

14th century CE
Islamic philosophers and scholars

al-Dimashqī, Nukhbat ad-dahr 42.168 (Mehren):
The Sabians claim that the temple of Jerusalem was built (already) before Solomon built himself a temple and that it (= the earlier temple) was for Mars and that there was an idol called Tammūz. … Its (the land of Ṣīn aṣ-Ṣīn) inhabitants are unbelievers who worship idols. They especially respect one idol, made of gold, which they call Tammūz. They say that he is the spouse of the spirit of Sun and they claim that there is a temple for him in the centre of the earth by which they mean Jerusalem … They also say that the name of this idol Tammūz is mentioned in the Torah, but here they utter an immense lie, may God curse them because of their words! The Jews know this and they know that his name (is derived) from the name of the month Tammūz.

Source (list of abbreviations)
al-Dimashqī, Nukhbat ad-dahr 42.168 (Mehren)


Hämeen-Anttila 2002, 102Hämeen-Anttila, Jaakko. “Continuity of Pagan Religious Traditions in Tenth-Century Iraq.” In: A. Panaino and G. Pettinato (eds.). Ideologies as Intercultural Phenomena. Melammu Symposia 3. Milan: Universita di Bologna & IsIAO 2002, 89-108. [PDF]

Amar Annus

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