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Earthquake in Tašrītu (1)

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05 Scientific knowledge and scholarly lore

05 Scientific knowledge and scholarly lore

Neo-Assyrian Empire
Sasanid Empire
Aramaic culture
Neo-Assyrian texts

There are parallels between the prognostications in the Syriac, in the Sogdian texts and the Mesopotamian omens.

Enūma Anu Enlil, 22.2 7.3:
If there is an earthquake (in Tašrītu): … there will be hostilities.

SMN 3180 8-9:
If the earth quakes in Tashrit, the harvest will prosper, or there will be hostility in the land. Destruction and murder will take place in the land.

Syriac Manuscript Or. 2084, f. 29v. (British Library):
If the earth quakes in Former Tešri, it shows that rebels will invade the cities with mighty depredations and violent war, and pestilence will fall upon the people in that land.

Christian Sogdian Text 5v10-11:
In the month Former Tešri: … if perchance the earth should quake, the people [of the land] will suffer grievous disease and war.

Sources (list of abbreviations)
Christian Sogdian Text 5v10-11
Enūma Anu Enlil, 22.2 7.3
SMN 3180 8-9
Syriac Manuscript Or. 2084, f. 29v. (British Library)


Lacheman 1937, 5Lacheman, E. R. “An Omen Text from Nuzi.” Revue d'Assyriologie 34 (1937) 1-8.
Rochberg-Halton 1988, 266Rochberg-Halton, F. Aspects of Babylonian celestial divination. The lunar eclipse tablets of Enuma Anu Enlil. Archiv für Orientforschung, Beiheft 22. Horn: Ferdinand Berger 1988.
Sims-Williams 1995, 295Sims-Williams, Nicholas. “Christian Sogdian Texts from the Nachlass of Olaf Hansen, II: Fragments of Polemic and Prognostics.” Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies 58 (1995) 288-302. [JSTOR (requires subscription)]
Sims-Williams 1996, 79Sims-Williams, Nicholas. “From Babylon to China. Astrological and Epistolary Formulae across Two Millennia.” In: La Persia e l'Asia centrale da Alessandro al X secolo. Atti dei convegni lincei 127. Rome: Accademia Nazionale dei Lincei 1996, 77-84.

Amar Annus

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