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Tammuz as the king of Phoenicians (1)

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01 Religious and ideological doctrines and imagery

01 Religious and ideological doctrines and imagery

2nd century CE
Roman Empire
Christian-Greek philosophers and scholars

pseudo-Melito, Apology 44:
The people of Phoenicia worshipped Belti, queen of Cyprus, because she fell in love with Tammuz, son of Kuthar, king of the Phoenicians, and left her own kingdom, and came and dwelt in Gebal (= Byblos), a fortress of the Phoenicians, and at the same time she made all the Cyprians subject to king Kuthar: for before Tammuz she had been in love with Ares, and committed adultery with him, and Hephaestus her husband caught her, and was jealous over her, and came and slew Tammuz in Mount Lebanon, while he was hunting wild boars; and from that time Belti remained in Gebal, and she died in the city Aphaca, where Tammuz was buried.

Source (list of abbreviations)
pseudo-Melito, Apology 44


Cureton 1855, 44Cureton, William. Spicilegium Syriacum. Containing Remains of Bardesan, Meliton, Ambrose and Mara Bar Serapion. London: Rivingtons 1855.
Drijvers 1980, 110Drijvers, Han J. W. Cults and Beliefs at Edessa. Études Préliminaires aux Religions Orientales dans l'Empire Romain 82. Leiden: E. J. Brill 1980.

Amar Annus

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